The field of orthodontics is the diagnosis, avoidance and correction of malpositioned teeth and jaws. It also can be categorized as the correction of face growth, known as denfactal orthopedics.
With about 30% of the population being affected by orthodontic disease severe enough, orthodonture is a common thing among many countries, especially America. Treatment may take several months, or even a few years, and includes the use of dental braces and other equipment to slowly move teeth and jaws around. In cases of very serious malocclusion, the jaw can be operated on, therefore correcting it. Treatment generally begins around when an individual is a minor, simply because the bones are not as set as they will become in the future.
There are several types of devices used in orthodonture, and they will be described below. If you have any questions or concerns about any of these operations, our dentists at Kwon & Jabbour Dental will be more than willing to answer any questions you may have.
- Dental Braces
- Dental braces a type of equipment that align and bend the teeth in order to manipulate them into position in order to fit the persons bite, thereby improving dental health. Braces are used to pull gaps in someone’s teeth together, correct underbites,, malocclusions, overbites, deep bites, crossbites, tangled teeth and many other teeth and jaw defects. Braces can be used cosmetically or structurally. Dental braces often are applied to help the palate or jaws widen and otherwise help to shape the teeth or jaws in combination with other orthodontic devices.
- Orthodontological headgear is a sort of orthodontic device that is usually connected with a neck strap or a number of straps around the head on the patient's head or face. Typically, a dental strap or palatal expander transfers strength to the teeth through a facebow or J hook, helping to fix harsher bite issues or is used to retain the patient's corrected teeth and jaws.
- Palatal Expansion
- A palatal expander is a tool used for orthodontic treatment to enlarge the upper lip (maxilla) to ensure a better coordination of the lower and upper teeth. Although expanders are the most prevalent in 8-18 years of age, expansion is slightly less comfortable and lasts longer for adolescents. A person who does not want to wait several months to use a palate expander may opt into a surgical procedure in which they expand the maxilla. However, braces still typically follow this type of procedure in order to correct the teeth alignment.
- Corrective Jaw Surgery
- Corrective jaw operation, or merely jaw operation, is a surgery to correct the circumstances linked to the face structure, development, apnea sleep, TMJ issues, skeletal malocclusion issues or other issues that cannot be treated by orthodontic braces. Originally coined by Harold Hargis, the operation is also used to treat congenital conditions like cleft Palate. Usually, during oral surgery, there are bone cuts, moves, alters, and rearranges in order to correct the deformity of the dentofacial system. The term "osteotomy" refers to the splitting or bone excision. Osteotomy enables surgeons to view and operate appropriately on the given situations.